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Multi-level Governance$
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Ian Bache and Matthew Flinders

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199259250

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199259259.001.0001

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Contrasting Visions of Multi-level Governance

Contrasting Visions of Multi-level Governance

(p.15) 2 Contrasting Visions of Multi-level Governance
Multi-level Governance



Oxford University Press

Liesbet Hooghe and Gary Marks distinguish between contrasting visions from various literatures, which they label Type I and Type II multi‐level governance. Type I multi‐level governance echoes federalist thought, conceiving the dispersion of authority as being limited to a ‘limited number of non‐overlapping jurisdictional boundaries at a limited number of levels’. In this view, authority is relatively stable and analysis is focused on individual governments rather than specific policies. Type II multi‐level governance provides a vision of governance that is ‘a complex, fluid, patchwork of innumerable, overlapping jurisdictions’. Here, jurisdictions are often overlapping and tend to be flexible as demands for governance change.

Keywords:   complexity, federalism, governance, jurisdictions, models, multi‐level governance, Type I, Type II

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