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Between Anarchy and SocietyTrusteeship and the Obligations of Power$
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William Bain

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199260263

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199260265.001.0001

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The Internationalization of Trusteeship

The Internationalization of Trusteeship

(p.53) 3 The Internationalization of Trusteeship
Between Anarchy and Society

William Bain

Oxford University Press

Examines the internationalization of trusteeship as it arose in the context of British colonial administration in Africa, the Berlin and Brussels Conferences, and the experience of the Congo Free State. It is out of these experiences and events that the idea of trusteeship emerges as a recognized and accepted practice of international society. The chapter has five sections: the first discusses British attitudes towards Africa; the second looks at Lord Lugard's ‘dual mandate’ principle of colonial administration—the proposal that the exploitation of Africa's natural wealth should reciprocally benefit the industrial classes of Europe and the native population of Africa; the third discusses the Berlin Conference of 1884–1885 and the Brussels Conference of 1890; the fourth describes trusteeship in relation to the Congo Free State. The fifth section of the chapter points out the progression from the idea of trusteeship in the East India Company's dominion in India—in which the improvement of native peoples would come about rapidly and result in institutional forms and practices that closely resembled those in Europe—to a new incrementalist approach in which societies and people were thought of as occupying different rungs on a progressive ‘ladder of civilization’, and, depending on their stage of development on this ladder, were suited to different forms of constitution.

Keywords:   Africa, barbarian, Berlin Conference, British Africa, British colonial administration, British colonial administration, Brussels Conference, Thomas Fowell Buxton, Christianity, civilization, Congo Free State, dual mandate, free trade, incremental development, incrementalism, Indian Mutiny, international law, internationalization, internationalization of trusteeship, ladder of civilization, David Livingstone, Lord Lugard, Manchester School economics, missionaries, racism, religion, savage, slave trade, slavery, Adam Smith, trusteeship

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