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Democracy and Public Management ReformBuilding the Republican State$
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Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199261185

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199261180.001.0001

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The Social-Liberal State

The Social-Liberal State

(p.103) 9 The Social-Liberal State
Democracy and Public Management Reform

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Oxford University Press

The political values involved in liberalism, democracy, socialism have historically been in conflict, but there is no reason why we cannot see them as complementary. A purely market as well as a fully state-coordinated economy never existed in history. The concepts of liberalism and socialism are elusive ones but they have one common origin: the capitalist revolution and modernity. The social-liberal state that is emerging out of the crisis of the social-democratic state is social because it maintains socialist commitments to social rights, while it gives more room for market competition in the coordination of the economy. It is also social-liberal because, in the social-democratic state, civil servants directly provide social and scientific services, whereas in the social-liberal state, competitive non-profit organizations contacted out and financed by the state already are or will be in charge.

Keywords:   competition, contracting out, social and scientific services, socialism, social-liberal state, social-liberalism

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