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Democracy and Public Management ReformBuilding the Republican State$
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Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199261185

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199261180.001.0001

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Bureaucratic and Civil Service Reform

Bureaucratic and Civil Service Reform

(p.147) 12 Bureaucratic and Civil Service Reform
Democracy and Public Management Reform

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Oxford University Press

Discusses the transition from bureaucratic public administration to public or new public management. Classic bureaucratic administration, based on the Prussian army’s administrative principles, resulted from a series of civil service reforms implemented in the second half of nineteenth century. It revealed a surprising historical persistence. Public management reform is the capitalist state organization’s second major reform. It emerged when globalization and the crisis of the state challenged the legitimacy of state bureaucracies and bureaucratic public administration. Margaret Thatcher launched public management reform in Great Britain, but in the end it was adopted by governments formed by political parties from across the political spectrum, including parties on the traditional left, most notably Labour governments in Australia and New Zealand.

Keywords:   civil service reform, new public management, persistence, political spectrum, public management reform, reform of the state

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