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The Economics of Child Labour$
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Alessandro Cigno and Furio Camillo Rosati

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199264452

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199264457.001.0001

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Child Labour, Education, Nutrition, and Fertility in Rural India

Child Labour, Education, Nutrition, and Fertility in Rural India

(p.83) 5 Child Labour, Education, Nutrition, and Fertility in Rural India
The Economics of Child Labour

Alessandro Cigno

Furio Camillo Rosati

Oxford University Press

A micro-econometric analysis of the 1994 Human Development of India survey finds that school provision in rural areas, and mortality reducing policies, lower fertility, and child labour, and raise school enrolment and the nutritional status of school-age children. The school enrolment effect comes prevalently through a reduction in the number of children reported doing nothing (as much as a quarter of the relevant age group). A lump-sum increase in household income would have broadly similar effects. By contrast, an increase in the amount of land worked by the family, holding household income constant, would reduce school enrolment, and raise child labour. The probability of an extra birth increases with the probability that a child will work.

Keywords:   BMI, child labour, education, fertility, India, infant mortality, land

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