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New Risks, New WelfareThe Transformation of the European Welfare State$
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Peter Taylor-Gooby

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199267262

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/019926726X.001.0001

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France: A New World of Welfare for New Social Risks?

France: A New World of Welfare for New Social Risks?

(p.111) 5 France: A New World of Welfare for New Social Risks?
New Risks, New Welfare

Bruno Palier

Christelle Mandin

Oxford University Press

In France, new social risk policies were not highly developed with the exception of the established tradition of childcare. Reforms were initially delayed by the strongly entrenched old social risk system. By the late 1980s, it was accepted across the political spectrum that the existing settlement was not sustainable. New policies with a stronger emphasis on means testing and incentives and on finance through tax rather than social insurance were introduced and these have since become more significant. The emergence of modernising policies in the CFDT trade union and the role played by the employers association MEDEF were important in setting the context for change.

Keywords:   active labour market, CFDT, childcare, France, MEDEF, PARE, pensions, politics, reform, retrenchment, social insurance, social policy, social risks, unemployment, welfare state, work

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