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Manifest ActivityThomas Reid's Theory of Action$
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Gideon Yaffe

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199268559

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2004

DOI: 10.1093/019926855X.001.0001

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From Power to Mind: An Argument from the Power to Do Otherwise

From Power to Mind: An Argument from the Power to Do Otherwise

(p.38) 2 From Power to Mind: An Argument from the Power to Do Otherwise
Manifest Activity

Gideon Yaffe (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines a second argument for Reid's claim that only a thing with a mind can be endowed with the power to bring an event about. The argument discussed here proceeds as follows: Anything that has a power to bring an event about also has the power to prevent that event from being brought about. A creature that has both these powers must also be capable of choosing between these two options on the basis of a preference for one over the other. But since only a creature with a mind is capable of forming preferences, it follows that only a creature with a mind can have a power. Like the argument discussed in ch. 1, Reid's employment of this argument reveals important philosophical commitments in his theory of action. In particular, it is argued that the argument depends on a particular construal of cases that seem, on their face, to involve agents with the power to act, but no power not to. The argument also depends on a view of the nature of preference, as distinguished from desire; Reid construes preferences as the psychological products of a rational process of weighing those things we desire.

Keywords:   action, Choice, desire, event, mind, power, Reid

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