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Double-Effect ReasoningDoing Good and Avoiding Evil$
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T. A. Cavanaugh

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199272198

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199272190.001.0001

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The history of double‐effect reasoning

The history of double‐effect reasoning

(p.1) 1 The history of double‐effect reasoning
Double-Effect Reasoning

T. A. Cavanaugh (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents the history of DER, considering Aquinas’s originating account and closely tracing the development of double effect through subsequent moralists up to the 19th century Jesuit J.P. Gury, who proposed the standard modern version. Over the six centuries separating Aquinas and Gury, ethicists expanded the number of cases considered by DER and further articulated its grounds in action theory, arriving at double-effect criteria as generally applicable to relevant cases. These criteria, their import, order, relation to one another, necessity, and sufficiency are analyzed, and revisions are proposed.

Keywords:   Antoninus, Aquinas, Cajetan, double effect, foresight, Gury, homicide, intention, John of St. Thomas, Pascal

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