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Four Seminal Thinkers in International TheoryMachiavelli, Grotius, Kant, and Mazzini$
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Martin Wight

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199273676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199273677.001.0001

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22 June 1805–10 March 1872

(p.89) Chapter 4 Mazzini
Four Seminal Thinkers in International Theory

Martin Wight

Oxford University Press

Mazzini was a nationalist, a revolutionary, and a romantic. Although an ex-Catholic, he was deeply sympathetic to religion. He saw progress as the law of God, and duty as what man owed to God. He was a democratic socialist who had contempt for power politics, as in the diplomatic manoeuvrings of Cavour. His brief dictatorship over Rome was based on high moral principles. He believed that God had allotted roles for the major European nations, seeing in this a special destiny for Italy and Rome.

Keywords:   democratic socialism, duty to God, Italy, moral principles, national roles, nationalism, progress, revolutionism, romanticism, Rome

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