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Dilemmas of European Integration – The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Dilemmas of European Integration: The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth

Giandomenico Majone


The Community method is the traditional approach to European integration. However, the method is becoming obsolete, being too rigid to permit institutional and policy innovations, or to apply to politically sensitive areas. For these reasons, the member states of the EU are increasingly willing to commit themselves to common tasks, but wish to act outside the traditional framework. In a Union where national institutions and priorities are much more varied than in the past, it is impossible to force the integration process into a single pattern. The Community method was inspired by a federalist ... More

Keywords: Community method, confederation, democratic deficit, enhanced cooperation, enlargement, federation, institutional balance, monetary union, policy failures, policy learning

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2005 Print ISBN-13: 9780199274307
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006 DOI:10.1093/0199274304.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Giandomenico Majone, author
Emeritus Professor of Public Policy at the European University Institute, Florence