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Dilemmas of European IntegrationThe Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth$
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Giandomenico Majone

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199274307

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199274304.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 June 2021

Positive and Negative Integration

Positive and Negative Integration

(p.143) 7 Positive and Negative Integration
Dilemmas of European Integration

Giandomenico Majone

Oxford University Press

Repeated policy failures suggest that the system created by the European treaties is more suitable to the promotion of negative integration than to the development of measures of positive integration. Positive integration is often identified with positive values like social protection and the correction of market failures, negative integration with deregulation, social dumping, and the protection of economic interests. In fact, economic and other special interests may find it convenient to support measures of positive integration, while fundamental rights are often better protected by negative integration. At any rate, in an increasingly diverse EU it may be necessary to revert to a negative-integration regime, under which most regulatory responsibilities would be left with the people who are directly affected by a given problem, and who have to bear the costs of its solution.

Keywords:   discrimination, negative integration, positive integration, prisoners’ dilemma, regulatory competition, rights, social dumping, social standards

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