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Justification without Awareness – A Defense of Epistemic Externalism - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Justification without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism

Michael Bergmann


Virtually all philosophers agree that for a belief to be epistemically justified, it must satisfy certain conditions. Perhaps it must be supported by evidence, or perhaps it must be reliably formed, or perhaps there is some other ‘good-making’ features it must have. But does a belief’s justification also require some sort of awareness of its good-making features? The answer to this question has been hotly contested in contemporary epistemology, creating a deep divide among its practitioners. Internalists insist that such awareness is required for justification whereas externalists insist that ... More

Keywords: awareness, defeater, deontology, epistemic circularity, epistemology, externalism, internalism, justification, mentalism, proper function

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2006 Print ISBN-13: 9780199275748
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006 DOI:10.1093/0199275742.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael Bergmann, author
Purdue University, Indiana
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