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The International Struggle Over IraqPolitics in the UN Security Council 1980-2005$
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David M. Malone

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199278572

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199278571.001.0001

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New World Order Policeman: Responding to Iraqi Aggression Against Kuwait

New World Order Policeman: Responding to Iraqi Aggression Against Kuwait

(p.54) 3 New World Order Policeman: Responding to Iraqi Aggression Against Kuwait
The International Struggle Over Iraq

David M. Malone (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the second phase of UN involvement in Iraq, which seemed to herald the emergence of the Security Council as a New World Order Policeman. The Security Council’s capacity to legitimize the use of force provided a legal basis for international action to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait in 1991. The chapter recounts the diplomatic and military success of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm — mandated to compel the withdrawal of Iraq from Kuwait and conducted by a coalition of states — drawing legitimacy from Security Council decisions under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Chapter VII also provided a newly assertive basis for traditional activities, such as ceasefire implementation and border-monitoring tasks, the Council gave to a new mission, UNIKOM, deployed along the border between Iraq and Kuwait. This new police role for UN peace operations was part of a larger ‘New World Order’ heralded by President George H. W. Bush, which seemed to hold the promise of an international rule of law, enforced by a united P-5 operating through the Security Council.

Keywords:   UN Security Council, United Nations, New World Order Policeman, Kuwait, UNIKOM, George H. W. Bush, P-5

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