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The International Struggle Over IraqPolitics in the UN Security Council 1980-2005$
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David M. Malone

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199278572

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199278571.001.0001

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Creeping Unilateralism: Humanitarian Interventions and No‐Fly Zones

Creeping Unilateralism: Humanitarian Interventions and No‐Fly Zones

(p.84) 4 Creeping Unilateralism: Humanitarian Interventions and No‐Fly Zones
The International Struggle Over Iraq

David M. Malone (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the third phase of UN involvement in Iraq, characterized by creeping unilateralism, occurring within the context of a more multidisciplinary approach to peace operations. That approach often incorporated humanitarian objectives into peace operations, as reflected in the deployment of UN ‘Guards’ to northern Iraq; but it was also characterized by the early resort (or reversion) by several Security Council members to unilateral action. The chapter specifically examines the imposition by France, the United Kingdom, and the United States of no-fly zones over Iraq in 1991 and 1992, and the launch of Operation Provide Comfort to protect Kurdish refugees in northern Iraq. This creeping unilateralism was a harbinger of further unilateral enforcement measures to come that would sunder the unity of the Security Council’s purpose on Iraq by 1998.

Keywords:   UN Security Council, United Nations, unilateralism, humanitarian relief, peacekeeping, no-fly zones

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