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Constitutional Environmental Rights$
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Tim Hayward

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199278688

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199278687.001.0001

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The Challenge of Effective Implementation

The Challenge of Effective Implementation

(p.93) 3 The Challenge of Effective Implementation
Constitutional Environmental Rights

Tim Hayward (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Responds to critical claims that constitutionalising the right to an adequate environment would not be prudent due to difficulties making it justiciable and difficulties that could make success on the merits unlikely in cases appealing to it. Shows these difficulties are not insurmountable and do not arise from the inherent nature of rights or of environmental problems. What surmounting them does involve, though, is ensuring that courts have the requisite institutional and constitutional competence, which critics consider to be, respectively, unfeasible and undesirable. It is shown that there is no serious obstacle to the development of the requisite institutional competence, which, if necessary, can be achieved through the establishment of specialist environmental courts. As for questions of courts’ legitimate constitutional competence, these arise not only for environmental rights, but for fundamental rights more generally. Also points out that litigation is not the only, or most significant, purpose in constitutionalising the right.

Keywords:   competence of courts, enforcement, environmental court, human rights, implementation, judiciary, jurisprudence, justiciability, liability, precautionary principle, right to an adequate environment

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