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Multicultural NationalismIslamophobia, Anglophobia, and Devolution$
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Asifa M. Hussain and William L. Miller

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199280711

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199280711.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 July 2021

Islamophobia—In England and Scotland

Islamophobia—In England and Scotland

(p.49) 3 Islamophobia—In England and Scotland
Multicultural Nationalism

Asifa Hussain (Contributor Webpage)

William Miller (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Since 9/11, multiculturalism has been under attack and Islamophobia has increased. Questions were placed in the 2003 British Social Attitudes Survey and its Scottish counterpart to compare the level of Islamophobia in Scotland and England. Islamophobia was significantly higher in England. Analysis showed that the majority population in Scotland differed significantly from the majority in England. In particular, English nationalism encouraged Islamophobia while Scottish nationalism did not. Unlike elite-level nationalists, street-level nationalists in Scotland were not particularly inclusive or multiculturalist compared to the majority of Scots. Street-level Scottish nationalists were less Islamophobic than the majority of English, and far less Islamophobic than street-level nationalists in England.

Keywords:   Islamophobia, England, Scotland, minority, majority, English nationalists, Scottish nationalists, street-level nationalists, elite-level nationalists

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