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Multicultural NationalismIslamophobia, Anglophobia, and Devolution$
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Asifa M. Hussain and William L. Miller

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199280711

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199280711.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 July 2021

The Auld Enemy

The Auld Enemy

(p.66) 4 The Auld Enemy
Multicultural Nationalism

Asifa Hussain (Contributor Webpage)

William Miller (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Questions in the 2003 Scottish Social Attitudes Survey were used to compare Islamophobia with four other Scottish phobias: sectarianism (primarily anti-Catholic), and phobias about Europe, Asylum seekers, and ‘the auld enemy’(England). Social factors affected all phobias the same way, but political factors discriminated. Conservative voters scored low on Anglophobia but high on every other phobia; SNP voters scored high on Anglophobia but not on other phobias. This suggested that Anglophobia itself displaced Islamophobia by providing another target, and that England itself helped reduce within-Scotland phobias by providing Scots with a common, external and very significant ‘other’. Scotland is too small, too peripheral, and too insignificant to play a corresponding role in displacing phobias within England. However, by stimulating English nationalism without providing a truly significant ‘other’, Scottish nationalism may actually increase Islamophobia in England, but not in Scotland.

Keywords:   Islamophobia, sectarianism, Anglophobia, displacement, nationalist voters, conservative voters, education, age, generation, significant other

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