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Multicultural NationalismIslamophobia, Anglophobia, and Devolution$
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Asifa M. Hussain and William L. Miller

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199280711

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199280711.001.0001

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Identity and Identifying

Identity and Identifying

(p.146) 8 Identity and Identifying
Multicultural Nationalism

Asifa Hussain (Contributor Webpage)

William Miller (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Identities or self-images are multiple, nested, hyphenated, flexible, and instrumental. Culture and identity provide both bridges and walls between Scots and minorities, but what is a bridge for one is a wall for another. For English immigrants, culture is the bridge and identity the wall, while for ethnic Pakistanis, culture is the wall and identity the bridge. Since English immigrants’ identities are primarily territorial, they cannot identify with Scotland despite respecting its traditions. Since Pakistani identities are primarily cultural (Muslim), their territorial identities are flexible and instrumental. They identify quickly and easily with Scotland, despite wishing to change its culture and traditions by adding more variety. The SNP’s welcoming political stance and its opposition to the 2003 invasion of Iraq has made it even easier for Muslims to identify with Scotland.

Keywords:   identity, multiple, primary, instrumental, bridges, walls, cultural identity, territorial identity, Iraq, SNP

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