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Multicultural NationalismIslamophobia, Anglophobia, and Devolution$
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Asifa M. Hussain and William L. Miller

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199280711

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199280711.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 September 2021

After Devolution: Parliament and People

After Devolution: Parliament and People

(p.170) 9 After Devolution: Parliament and People
Multicultural Nationalism

Asifa Hussain (Contributor Webpage)

William Miller (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

‘Multicultural nationalism’ comes very close to being an oxymoron: devolution increased national self-consciousness and 9/11 added to the problems of multiculturalism everywhere, including Scotland. But in practice, potential problems proved to be solutions. Since England has a key role in defining Scottish identity, Scottish nationalism stimulates Anglophobia but not Islamophobia, and Muslims can use Scottish nationalism as a tool of integration. 9/11 made life worse for Muslims in Scotland, but not as much as elsewhere. Thus, 9/11 and the ‘war on terror’ bound Muslims more closely to Scotland. Although both minorities criticized the governing performance of the new Scottish Parliament, both felt that its street-level impact has been more positive than negative. English immigrants feel that devolution has defused tensions, and Muslims self-consciously distinguish between the positive impact of devolution and the concurrent, negative impact of 9/11. Against the odds, multiculturalism and sub-state nationalism have not merely coexisted, but actually interacted positively within post-devolution Scotland.

Keywords:   oxymoron, devolution, multicultural nationalism, Anglophobia, Islamophobia, 9/11, war on terror, Scottish Parliament, governing performance, street-level impact

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