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Environment and StatecraftThe Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making$
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Scott Barrett

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199286096

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199286094.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 June 2021

Global Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol

(p.359) 15 Global Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol
Environment and Statecraft

Scott Barrett (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter applies the theory developed in this book to a current challenge: global climate change. It provides an introduction to the issue, summarizes the history of negotiations, and provides estimates of the costs and benefits of mitigation. It then explains why the Kyoto Protocol will not succeed in sustaining cooperation because it fails to do what the book explains all good treaties must do — it fails to restructure incentives. In particular, it can only work if its obligations can be enforced, and yet Kyoto fails to provide the means for enforcement. The chapter then considers a range of alternative treaty designs, and explains why these will also fail. Finally, it uses the logic of the book to develop an alternative approach that is likely to prove more fruitful. This alternative approach focuses on the development and diffusion of new technologies rather than on emission targets and timetables.

Keywords:   climate change, Kyoto Protocol, benefit-cost analysis, flexible mechanisms, enforcement, research and development, technology standards

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