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Deliberating in the Real WorldProblems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy$
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John Parkinson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199291113

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/019929111X.001.0001

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Representation and Representativeness

Representation and Representativeness

(p.67) 4 Representation and Representativeness
Deliberating in the Real World

John Parkinson

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the ideas of representation, the first broad solution to the legitimacy problems in deliberative democracy. It considers the nature, strengths, and weaknesses of three different types of representation claims made by participants in the cases, namely random selection, self-selection, and elected representation. It argues that elected representatives have the strongest claims simply because they can be removed from decision-making posts, but this strength depends on there being strong communicative relationships between representatives and the represented. It concludes that while representation claims are important, no one kind of representative has perfectly legitimate authority.

Keywords:   deliberative democracy, representation, representativeness, random selection, self-selection, interest groups, lay citizens, citizens’ jury, Leicester

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