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Inconsistency in the Torah – Ancient Literary Convention and the Limits of Source Criticism - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Inconsistency in the Torah: Ancient Literary Convention and the Limits of Source Criticism

Joshua A. Berman


This book proposes a new approach to the Pentateuch’s narrative and legal inconsistencies that scholars have taken as signs of fragmentation and competing agendas. Recent studies of the scribal culture of the ancient Near East reveal that the models of textual growth hypothesized by biblicists often find no basis in the empirical evidence of these neighboring cultures. It reveals precursors for a variety of Pentateuchal inconsistencies in the narrative literature of the ancient Near East, deliberately deployed by a single agent. It explores the inconsistencies between the Pentateuch’s law corp ... More

Keywords: Pentateuch, Torah, source-criticism, Spinoza, biblical law, legal theory, Hammurabi, Kadesh, Ramesses II, Hittites

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780190658809
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190658809.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Joshua A. Berman, author
Senior Lecturer in the Department of Hebrew Bible, Bar-Ilan University

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