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Ancient Israel in SinaiThe Evidence for the Authenticity of the Wilderness Traditions$
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James K. Hoffmeier

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195155464

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/0195155467.001.000

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 The Location of the Re(e)d Sea

 The Location of the Re(e)d Sea

Chapter:
(p.75) 5 The Location of the Re(e)d Sea
Source:
Ancient Israel in Sinai
Author(s):

James K. Hoffmeier (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/0195155467.003.0005

The biblical data in the Torah and elsewhere in the Bible are reviewed to show that the sea crossing tradition is consistently remembered throughout the Old Testament. The Reed Sea or yam sûp (the Hebrew reading), not the Red Sea (of the Greek tradition), is accepted as the correct interpretation for the sea crossed in the exodus story. The author’s archaeological excavations at Tell el-Borg and geological research in North Sinai, along with current excavations at Tell Hebua (i.e., Tjaru/Sile), Tell Abu Sefêh, and Tell el-Herr, are used to shed new light on the ancient realities of Egypt’s frontier zone. The search for Migdol of Exodus 14:2 in North Sinai is discussed. As a result of the new evidence obtained since 1999, a different route is proposed for the exodus from Egypt than the one suggested in the author’s previous book, Israel in Egypt (Oxford University Press, 1997), and new evidence is adduced for locating p3 twfy of Egyptian texts and equating it with yam sûp or Reed Sea.

Keywords:   exodus, Migdol, North Sinai, p3 twfy, Reed Sea, Red Sea, Tell el-Borg, Tjaru/Sile, Yam S

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