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Ancient Israel in SinaiThe Evidence for the Authenticity of the Wilderness Traditions$
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James K. Hoffmeier

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195155464

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/0195155467.001.000

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 The Mountain of God

 The Mountain of God

(p.111) 6 The Mountain of God
Ancient Israel in Sinai

James K. Hoffmeier (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The religious significance of sacred mountains is treated as a way to get at the significance of the mountain of God. Since the Torah mentions both Mt. Sinai and Horeb as the mountain of God. This problem is fully investigated. The wilderness itineraries in Exodus and Numbers 33, which trace Israel’s trek from Egypt to Kadesh Barnea via Mt. Sinai, serve as the basis for trying to locate Mt. Sinai. Travel in desert terrain and distances covered in a day’s journey in ancient times provide parameters for using the itineraries to locate Mt. Sinai. Based on this information, many of the more prominent proposed locations for Mt. Sinai are investigated, including locations in Arabia (Midian), Israel and Jordan, and Egypt (Sinai). Some of the peaks considered are Gebal Helal, Har Karkom, Gebel Sin Bishr, Serabit el-Khadim, Gebel el-Lawz, Gebel Badr, Gebel Musa, Ras Safsafah, and Gebel Serbal. Those in southern Sinai make the best sense of the itineraries and environmental considerations.

Keywords:   Har Karkom, Gebel Badr, Gebel el-Lawz, Gebel Musa, Gebel Sin Bishr, Horeb, Kadesh Barnea, Midian, Ras Safsafah, wilderness itineraries

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