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Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity – Porphyry of Tyre and the Pagan-Christian Debate - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity: Porphyry of Tyre and the Pagan-Christian Debate

Michael Bland Simmons


This book explores the background to the effort of the Neoplatonist philosopher Porphyry (c.A.D. 232–305) to devise a system of universal salvation as a means of countering the Christian soteriological challenge, and the Christian reactions to this, notably from Eusebius of Caesarea. The main arguments are that Christianity received an enormous boost, despite efforts at suppression, from the economic, social, and political troubles, including famines and plagues, of the “Third Century Crisis,” and that Porphyry’s efforts to counter it on an intellectual level, though provoking indignant respon ... More

Keywords: Porphyry, universal salvation, soteriology, Neoplatonism, Eusebius, Third Century Crisis, Against the Christians, Philosophy from Oracles, eschatology, Late Antiquity

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780190202392
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2015 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202392.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael Bland Simmons, author
Distinguished Research Professor, Department of History, Auburn University Montgomery

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