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Populist AuthoritarianismChinese Political Culture and Regime Sustainability$
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Wenfang Tang

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190205782

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190205782.001.0001

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Political Trust in China and Taiwan (with Joseph (Yingnan) Zhou and Ray Ou Yang)

Political Trust in China and Taiwan (with Joseph (Yingnan) Zhou and Ray Ou Yang)

(p.74) Chapter 5 Political Trust in China and Taiwan (with Joseph (Yingnan) Zhou and Ray Ou Yang)
Populist Authoritarianism

Wenfang Tang

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 compares political trust in democratic Taiwan and autocratic China. When political trust is defined as confidence in the key political institutions, national identity, trusting political leaders, and trusting the political system, Chinese respondents consistently expressed more trust than Taiwanese respondents in all of the four dimensions. The second half of chapter 5 evaluates the relative importance of different theories related to political trust, including political mobilization, economic performance, internal efficacy, external efficacy, and cultural values. The subsequent analysis shows that external efficacy, particularly the sense of government responsiveness, was much higher in China than in Taiwan, and it played the strongest role in promoting political trust in China. The reason for autocratic governments to respond to public opinion more quickly is rooted in the institutional deficiency of lacking competitive elections while claiming that they represent the interests of the majority of people.

Keywords:   political trust, national identity, institutional confidence, system trust, government responsiveness, political mobilization, economic performance internal efficacy, external efficacy, cultural values

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