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A Temperate EmpireMaking Climate Change in Early America$
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Anya Zilberstein

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190206598

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190206598.001.0001

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Jamaicans In and Out of Nova Scotia

Jamaicans In and Out of Nova Scotia

(p.118) 4 Jamaicans In and Out of Nova Scotia
A Temperate Empire

Anya Zilberstein

Oxford University Press

The temporary settlement of the Jamaican Maroons in Nova Scotia from 1796 to their departure for Sierra Leone in 1800 was the most extraordinary episode in the long history of attempts to prove to outsiders that the region’s climate was temperate. This chapter examines the brief history of the Trelawny Maroons in Nova Scotia in terms of long-standing debates about human difference and the relative habitability of northern climates, focusing especially on how Lieutenant Governor John Wentworth addressed the transatlantic controversy over settling them and other black migrants in the province. Combining several strands of contemporary thinking about climate, race, and migration, Wentworth tried to convince the Maroons and their abolitionist advocates abroad that they should settle permanently in Nova Scotia. His primary tactic was strenuously denying the severity of the local climate.

Keywords:   race, abolition, Jamaica, Nova Scotia, Sierra Leone, John Wentworth, Maroons, Henry Smeathman

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