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The Morphosyntax-Phonology ConnectionLocality and Directionality at the Interface$
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Vera Gribanova and Stephanie S. Shih

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190210304

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210304.001.0001

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On the Targets of Phonological Realization

On the Targets of Phonological Realization

(p.255) 10 On the Targets of Phonological Realization
The Morphosyntax-Phonology Connection

David Embick

Oxford University Press

This chapter compares the predictions of theories that allow phonological realization (Vocabulary Insertion) only at morphemes (Morpheme Insertion Only [MIO]) versus theories that also allow realization of non-terminal nodes in the syntactic structure (Insertion at Non-Terminals [INT]). The empirical phenomena examined are analytic/synthetic alternations in which INT’s predictions connect with those made by word/phrase blocking theories; and irregular stem allomorphy, of the type seen in, for example, sing/sang. MIO theories predict that key interactions will take place when morphemes are hierarchically or linearly local, whereas INT predicts that syntactic constituent structure alone should be relevant. The main argument is that there is empirical evidence for MIO, while INT’s predictions are not borne out. This finding supports a model of the grammar in which significant generalizations about phonological form are the product of a number of interacting, derivationally related systems: syntactic representations, hierarchical and linear relations among morphemes, phonological representations, among others.

Keywords:   allomorphy, morphophonology, phonological form, Distributed

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