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Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks$
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Stela Manova

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190210434

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210434.001.0001

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Recursive Passivization: A Causative Coercion Account

Recursive Passivization: A Causative Coercion Account

2 Recursive Passivization: A Causative Coercion Account
Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks

Ekaterina Lyutikova

Sergei Tatevosov

Oxford University Press

The chapter explores the phenomenon of double passivization. Replying on evidence from Karachay-Balkar (Altaic, Turkic), we argue that two applications of the passive are mediated by covert causativization. Evidence from the scope of adverbials and negation suggests that in the course of derivation of double passives a new causing subevent and its individual participant are introduced to the event structure. Additional evidence is provided by the distribution of the passive combined with intransitives. Causativization, which maps event predicates of type <s,t> to relations between events and individuals of type <e,<s,t>>, is invoked whenever the type mismatch occurs between the verbal predicate and the passive morpheme, of type <<e,<s,t>>, <s,t>>. It enables the derivation of what superficially looks like a passivization of intransitive predicates and predicates that are passive already. The only peculiarity of languages like Karachay-Balkar is that causativization that feeds passivization can occur covertly, as a coercion operation.

Keywords:   passive, double passive, causative, event structure, coercion

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