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Accountability in Social Interaction$
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Jeffrey D. Robinson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190210557

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210557.001.0001

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(p.238) (p.239) 8 Increments
Accountability in Social Interaction

Emanuel A. Schegloff

Oxford University Press

Sacks, Schegloff, & Jefferson (1974) proposed that, upon possible completion of a turn and the attendant opening of a transition place, a selected next speaker had priority rights to talk next, but, if no one had been selected as next speaker, anyone could self-select as next speaker, and the just-prior speaker could elect to “continue.” This chapter extends this work by examining one form of such “continuation” called an “increment,” which involves extending the turn-constructional unit (TCU) that had been brought to possible completion (vs. constructing a new TCU). Increments are grammatically fitted to, or symbiotic with, the prior TCU and, in particular, to its end. This chapter examines characteristics of increments and incrementing, the forms of their host TCUs, the positions in which increments are deployed, some of the actions they implement, and where they “fit” in existing accounts of turn taking, action formation, sequence organization, and repair.

Keywords:   conversation analysis, accountability, increment, turn taking, action, sequence, repair

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