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Beyond Functional SequenceThe Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 10$
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Ur Shlonsky

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190210588

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210588.001.0001

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Cartography and Optional Feature Realization in the Nominal Expression

Cartography and Optional Feature Realization in the Nominal Expression

(p.151) 8 Cartography and Optional Feature Realization in the Nominal Expression
Beyond Functional Sequence

Anna Cardinaletti

Giuliana Giusti

Oxford University Press

According to recent work by Giusti (2008, 2009), Agreement, Concord, and Projection are different feature-sharing procedures. In this paper, we define four types of Concord, according to whether the features are realized on the head and/or on the specifier and call “Compensatory Concord” the configuration in which overt features on the head compensate for no features on the vocabulary item in the specifier. We claim that in Italian, this pattern occurs with the demonstrative que- “that,” the indefinite plural/mass determiner de- “some,” and the prenominal adjective be- “nice, which inflect like the definite article. We then carry out a case study in the optionality of masculine plural -i in the Central Italian dialect of Ancona. A “bottom-up effect” is observed in the omission of this morpheme in Compensatory Concord. We suggest that this is due to the interaction of Projection and a general principle of Consistency in Economy.

Keywords:   adjectival concord, compensatory concord, italian dialects, nominal inflection, optionality

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