Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Peter Cole and Brian McQuinn

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190210960

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210960.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 October 2020

Barqa Reborn?

Barqa Reborn?

Eastern Regionalism and Libya’s Political Transition

(p.205) 9 Barqa Reborn?
The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath

Sean Kane

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines Libya’s eastern region from September 2011 to June 2012 and the socioeconomic drivers behind the growth of Islamism and “federalism”. It charts its history as a traditional and cohesive region structured around the Sanusiyya religious order and Bedouin tribal system, and describes how the federal constitutional state of 1951 was transformed by the discovery of oil and centralization of the state. It traces the reemergence of tribal structures during the 17 February Revolution, and, in parallel, of political activism and civil society, as well as Islamist groups hostile to the old tribal elites. It describes how some easterners and NTC members rejected the NTC after its move to Tripoli and wished to reinstate the 1951 federal constitution, arguing this movement fear a return to the status quo and tried to exploit “tribal » identities and memories of the King Idris monarchy, but failed because of demographic shifts and alternative modalities of political organization that limited the appeal of tribal structures. Likewise, the tribes themselves differed over the way forward. It concludes by noting that control of oil and water resources, and Libyan sensitivities to the east’s role in shaping Libya’s politics, will influence the region’s future.

Keywords:   Libya, Arab Spring, Benghazi, federalism, Islamism, constitution, tribalism, Cyrenaica, oil, identity

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .