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Adjusting to a World in MotionTrends in Global Migration and Migration Policy$
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Douglas J. Besharov and Mark H. Lopez

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190211394

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190211394.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 August 2021

Highly Skilled Migration to the European Union and the United States

Highly Skilled Migration to the European Union and the United States

Chapter:
(p.232) 11 Highly Skilled Migration to the European Union and the United States
Source:
Adjusting to a World in Motion
Author(s):

Metka Hercog

Anja Wiesbrock

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190211394.003.0011

This chapter explores how European countries can improve their position in the international competition for talent. It examines existing frameworks on highly skilled migration in three EU states—Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom—and compares their frameworks to labor migration policy in the United States, their main competitor. Each EU country has recently introduced immigration policies that target skilled migrants. The analysis finds that these new policies are more favorable than they use to be toward high-skilled workers on eligibility criteria, special provision for young migrants, validity of permits and access to permanent residence, family migration options, employment rights, and social security provisions. The results also indicate that now, in many aspects, these countries are more favorable to high-skilled migrants than the United States. However, these policies are still works in progress, and as a result, the United States continues to be more attractive to high-skilled immigrants, and a more popular destination.

Keywords:   highly skilled migration, high-skilled migrants, immigration policy, competition for talent, permanent residence, employment rights

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