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Soybeans and PowerGenetically Modified Crops, Environmental Politics, and Social Movements in Argentina$
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Pablo Lapegna

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190215132

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190215132.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 July 2021

The Dark Side of the Boom

The Dark Side of the Boom

Neoliberalization, GM Soybeans, and Environmental Change in Argentina

(p.24) 1 (p.25) The Dark Side of the Boom
Soybeans and Power

Pablo Lapegna

Oxford University Press

Chapter 1 introduces the dark side of the GM soybean boom in Argentina. Why did GM soybeans expand in Argentina so broadly and quickly? What are the socioenvironmental consequences of this soy rush? How do farmers, the government, and rural social movements think about and react to this process? The chapter first reconstructs the agrarian neoliberalization and the sweeping expansion of transgenic soybeans in Argentina in the 1990s. Then, it focuses on the negative socioenvironmental consequences of Argentina’s soy rush: deforestation of native woods, violent land evictions suffered by peasant and indigenous families, and a myriad of agrochemical exposures in rural areas and small towns. The chapter closes with the political context by discussing the relationships between the national government, popular social movements, and agribusiness associations circa 2003–2009.

Keywords:   genetically modified soybeans, deforestation, land evictions, agrochemical exposure, environmental change, agribusiness, Argentine government, peasant movements

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