Terrains of Exchange
This chapter provides a new way of understanding the place of Islam in global history and the history of Empire during the modern era of globalization (c.1800-1940). It develops a clear methodology for the writing of global history through incorporating the techniques of microhistory and the dynamics of religious economy. The chapter provides an introduction to the model of religious economy to guide readers through this methodology for understanding the workings of religion in global societies and histories. The chapter then focuses on Islam more specifically to show how Muslim religiosity was re-shaped in the modern era through global exchanges and interactions with Christian missionaries. Both cooperative and competitive, these religious economic exchanges are contextualized into the history of European colonial expansion. Overall, the chapter provides an overview version of a new interpretation of modern Islamic history as seen through the lenses of global history and religious economy.
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