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Terrains of ExchangeReligious Economies of Global Islam$
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Nile Green

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190222536

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190222536.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 August 2021

Making Islam in the Motor City

Making Islam in the Motor City

Chapter:
(p.207) 6 Making Islam in the Motor City
Source:
Terrains of Exchange
Author(s):

Nile Green

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190222536.003.0007

This chapter traces the global interactions that surrounded the founding of the first purpose-built mosque in the United States. Founded in Detroit in 1921 by a Lebanese immigrant, the mosque soon became the outpost of an Indian Muslim religious entrepreneur, Muhammad Sadiq. By the twentieth century, Muslim missionary firms founded through generative competition with Christian missionaries were now moving beyond colonial regions to reach the entire world. Dispatched to the United States by the Indian Ahmadiya Jama’at, Sadiq sought to convert as many Americans as possible. During his years in the United States, the innovative Sadiq developed many new strategies for attracting converts, from founding mosques to publishing journals and using the American public sphere to spread his message. Surrounded by migrants from the Ottoman Empire and the American South, Sadiq learned to appeal to the cultural tastes and social needs of such labour migrants, making a special outreach to African-Americans. As an Indian entrepreneur was central to the beginning of African-American Islam, the chapter shows how Sadiq’s intervention in the American religious economy triggered competitive responses from African-American religious entrepreneurs who began to found their own religious firms in Chicago and Detroit, such as the Nation of Islam.

Keywords:   Islam, Religious Economy, labour history, United States, India, Detroit, Chicago, African-American, migration, mosque

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