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Terrains of ExchangeReligious Economies of Global Islam$
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Nile Green

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190222536

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190222536.001.0001

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(p.281) Conclusions
Terrains of Exchange

Nile Green

Oxford University Press

Summarizing the overall findings of the book, this chapter makes a case for seeing globalization as a generative dynamic of religious interactions that produced countless new religious entrepreneurs, firms and products. Enabled by new technologies and forms of organization, and spurred into action by increasing competition with colonial Christian religious firms, Muslims created many new religious firms of their own, effectively transforming Islam into a global evangelical religion. By demonstrating the interactive dynamics that underlie religious globalization, the chapter argues that globalization has led to neither a reduction nor a standardization of religiosity. On the contrary, it has led to the increasing proliferation and diversification of religious activity as increasing numbers of Muslim religious entrepreneurs seek social mobility and empowerment through their enterprises. The overall outcome is increased competition, not only with non-Muslims but also with other Muslim religious firms, leading to the increasing sectarian violence of Muslim societies worldwide. In this way, the chapter explains why globalization leads to the production of more and not less religion in the world.

Keywords:   Islam, Muslims, religious economy, globalization, global history, world history, methodology, theory, empire

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