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Whither China?Restarting the Reform Agenda$
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Wu Jinglian and Ma Guochuan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190223151

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223151.001.0001

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Without Political Reform, Economic Reform will not Succeed

Without Political Reform, Economic Reform will not Succeed

(p.240) Dialogue 17 Without Political Reform, Economic Reform will not Succeed
Whither China?

Wu Jinglian

Ma Guochuan

Xiaofeng Hua

Nancy Hearst

Oxford University Press

In the mid-1980s, China’s lack of political reform became an obstacle to future economic reforms and a major source of corruption. Efforts to separate the role of the Communist Party from that of the government were interrupted by the turbulence in 1989. By the late 1990s, it was again obvious that China’s preliminary market economy could not function properly without the rule of law. Delay of political reforms has allowed privileged groups to emerge, blocking further reform. When government officials have unchecked power to allocate resources, people can become rich by colluding with the government. Since the turn of the century, there has been heated debate over whether China needs to reform its political system. Although some people have boasted that economic reform can take place within the old political system, referred to as the Beijing consensus and the so-called China model, the facts and further analysis point to the necessity of a political-system overhaul.

Keywords:   Chapter political reform, so-called China model, Beijing consensus, privileged groups, government collusion

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