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Whither China?Restarting the Reform Agenda$
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Wu Jinglian and Ma Guochuan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190223151

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223151.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 April 2021

Opening to the World

Opening to the World

A Driver of Domestic Reform

(p.105) Dialogue 8 Opening to the World
Whither China?

Wu Jinglian

Ma Guochuan

Xiaofeng Hua

Nancy Hearst

Oxford University Press

China began its reform and opening after a long period of being closed to the outside world. On the eve of the reforms, China lagged behind the West in production technologies and management know-how. However, the market opening and promotion of foreign direct investment (FDI) created favorable conditions for attracting modern technologies from abroad. Eventually, the burden fell on local enterprises, in an enabling business environment, to become world-class companies. The government implemented a dual-track approach and a step-by-step transition to create a business environment that allowed for import substitution and it took advantage of the opening to the world to boost domestic progress. Several localities were selected as special economic zones to implement export-oriented strategies. The positive results during this initial phase of reform and opening can be attributed to two factors: the partial opening of the domestic market to foreign businesses and the use of preferential treatment to attract FDI.

Keywords:   Chapter foreign direct investment, special economic zone, preferential treatment, import substitution, export-oriented strategy

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