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Self-KnowledgeA History$
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Ursula Renz

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190226411

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226411.001.0001

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Aristotle’s Requisite of Self-Knowledge

Aristotle’s Requisite of Self-Knowledge

(p.44) Chapter two Aristotle’s Requisite of Self-Knowledge

Christopher Shields

Oxford University Press

Ryle poses a dilemma for prospective self-knowers according to which the knowing self’s own operation precludes its turning its activity upon itself. If Ryle is right, then, unfortunately, we must despair in the face of the Socratic invocation of the Delphic injunction: “Know yourself.” Socrates admonishes (γνῶθι σεαυτόν; v. Chrm. 164d; Prt. 343b; Phdr. 229e; Phlb. 48c; Laws 2.923a; I Alc. 124a, 129a, 132c). Perhaps we would like to follow his admonition: but how? Aristotle proposes a way forward, deriving from a surprising source, namely the forms of mutual knowledge and mutual perception requisite for social living, and so for human flourishing.

Keywords:   Aristotle, Ryle’s dilemma, self-knowledge, mutual perception, mutual knowledge

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