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Self-KnowledgeA History$
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Ursula Renz

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190226411

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226411.001.0001

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Self-Knowledge in Later Stoicism

Self-Knowledge in Later Stoicism

(p.61) Chapter three Self-Knowledge in Later Stoicism

Marcel van Ackeren

Oxford University Press

Stoics gave Socratic self-knowledge some distinct characteristics, of which some are anthropological, some ethical and political, and some epistemological. A focus on Roman Stoics and especially on Marcus Aurelius reveals the most original feature of late Stoicism: the self-dialogue, which becomes the vehicle for practicing philosophy and gaining self-knowledge: The Meditations are unique because they are the first self-dialogue of an author with himself. This also leads to conclusions concerning the “I,” Stoic psychic monism, and the “self.”

Keywords:   Stoicism, self-dialogue, Marcus Aurelius, self-knowledge, The Meditations, the self

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