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The "Russian" Civil Wars, 1916—1926Ten Years That Shook the World$
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Jonathan Smele

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190233044

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233044.001.0001

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The Beginnings of the “Russian” Civil Wars

(p.17) 1 1916–18
The "Russian" Civil Wars, 1916—1926

Jonathan D. Smele

Oxford University Press

This chapter seeks to establish that the “Russian” Civil Wars began with Central Asian Revolt of 1916, before going on to argue that subsequent events — the February Revolution, the travails of the Russian Provisional Government of 1917, the Kornilov Affair, the October Revolution, and the closure by the Soviet government of the Constituent Assembly — should be viewed as essential elements of the civil wars, not precursors to them. It focuses too on the views on civil war of the Bolshevik leader, V.I. Lenin, the fighting that took place from Belorussia through the Urals to Siberia from 1917 to 1918 and examines early efforts to combat the Bolshevik seizure of power by General M.V. Alekseev and others. It explains also the diverse origins of the Allied intervention in Russia that began in early 1918.

Keywords:   Central Asian Revolt, February Revolution, Russian Provisional Government, Kornilov Affair, October Revolution, V.I. Lenin, Constituent Assembly, M.V. Alekseev, Allied intervention

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