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The Power TriangleMilitary, Security, and Politics in Regime Change$
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Hazem Kandil

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190239206

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239206.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 June 2021

Blood, Folly, and Sandcastles

Blood, Folly, and Sandcastles

June 1967

(p.247) 13 Blood, Folly, and Sandcastles
The Power Triangle

Hazem Kandil

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the 1967 Arab-Israeli war and its consequences for Egypt. Egypt's new regime under Gamal Abd al-Nasser was a “dictatorship without a dictator”; it was the security aristocracy that ruled. Both Nasser and army chief Abd al-Hakim Amer blamed the country's misfortunes on the “mukhabarat (intelligence) state.” As a matter of fact, what appeared to be a personal battle between the president and his field marshal, between 1956 and 1967, masked a power struggle within the security community. This chapter first provides a background on the Suez War that erupted after Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal in 1956 and argues that the war was a political triumph for Nasser but exposed Amer's military shortcomings. It then recounts the events leading up to the Arab-Israeli war and considers why the loss to the Israelis did not spark a popular revolt in Egypt.

Keywords:   security, Arab-Israeli war, Egypt, Gamal Abd al-Nasser, Abd al-Hakim Amer, Suez War, Suez Canal, military

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