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The Papacy and the OrthodoxSources and History of a Debate$
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A. Edward Siecienski

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190245252

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190245252.001.0001

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The Historical Peter

The Historical Peter

(p.15) 1 The Historical Peter
The Papacy and the Orthodox

A. Edward Siecienski

Oxford University Press

For centuries, Roman Catholic teaching concerning papal primacy rested on the historical claim that Christ, during his earthly life, entrusted to Simon Peter a unique ministry as “head of the church,” which Peter then exercised until his death in Rome some thirty years later. This chapter surveys what modern scholarship is saying about the historical Peter, dealing especially with those questions that have for centuries vexed ecumenical dialogue on the papacy—what role (if any) was given to Peter by the pre-resurrection Jesus, what kind of episcope (oversight) did he exercise in the post-resurrection Church, did Peter go to Rome, and if yes, what was the nature of his ministry there?

Keywords:   Simon Peter, Jesus, Apostles, Rome, Bishop of Rome

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