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The Papacy and the OrthodoxSources and History of a Debate$
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A. Edward Siecienski

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190245252

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190245252.001.0001

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The Fourth Crusade to the Eve of the Council of Florence

The Fourth Crusade to the Eve of the Council of Florence

(p.282) 7 The Fourth Crusade to the Eve of the Council of Florence
The Papacy and the Orthodox

A. Edward Siecienski

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with the Fourth Crusade (1204), which scholars have long noted marks the start of the schism between the Latin and Greek Churches far better than the events of 1054. The Latin occupation of Constantinople demonstrated to the Byzantines the kind of authority the pope expected to wield in the Eastern Church. As a result the anti-papal arguments that had emerged in the twelfth century were now brought forward in an increasingly polemical manner. It was becoming clear that the idea of “church union” meant something radically different to each side—for the popes, the Greeks were disobedient children who must return to obedience, while the emperors and their unionist allies still spoke of the “restoration of communion between sister churches.” Unfortunately, each attempt at union only proved how irreconcilable the two models were, frustrating those who continued to argue in favor of better relations.

Keywords:   Pope Innocent III, Nicholas Mesarites, Fourth Lateran Council, Second Council of Lyons, John Bekkos, Barlaam of Calabria, Dmetrios Kydones, Symeon of Thessalonica, Nicholas of Cusa, Concilarism

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