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Islam in IndonesiaThe Contest for Society, Ideas and Values$
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Carool Kersten

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190247775

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247775.001.0001

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Secularism, Pluralism and Liberalism in Indonesian Muslim Contexts

Secularism, Pluralism and Liberalism in Indonesian Muslim Contexts

(p.15) 1 Secularism, Pluralism and Liberalism in Indonesian Muslim Contexts
Islam in Indonesia

Carool Kersten

Oxford University Press

This chapter sketches the contours of the political and intellectual contexts in which contemporary Islamic thinking in Post-Suharto Indonesia has evolved. It discusses the final years of Suharto’s New Order Regime and the failures of the early years of political reformation; the resilience of existing power structures and longevity of political elites; the Islam factor in Indonesian politics and the role of Islamic parties after regime change. For the intellectual-historical setting, this book suggests progressive and reactionary Muslims as alternative categories for other problematic terms, such as liberal and moderate, and for fundamentalist, extremist and radical Islam respectively. To offset a previous lack of scholarly attention, the chapter ends with a sketch of the formative years of progressive Islamic discourse in Indonesia.

Keywords:   Political elites, Islamic Parties, New Order Regime, Post-Suharto Indonesia, Progressive Muslims, Political reformation, Reactionary Muslims, Regime Change

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