Religious Pluralism, Human Rights and Freedom of Thought
This chapter situates the debate on religious pluralism in Indonesia in the context of tensions between religious communities that can be traced to the colonial period. Such tensions still color attitudes towards Christianity and the presence of religious groups such as the Ahmadiyya, shaping the way interfaith relations and inter-religious dialogue are conducted. The chapter further contends that the contemporary debate is shaped by the distinction of religious exclusivists, inclusivists and pluralists. The chapter offers instances of all three attitudes towards religious pluralism and how these inform the defense of religious freedom and, by extension, of human rights, and how it has turned Islamic education into one of the most contested areas of public discourse.
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