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Islam in IndonesiaThe Contest for Society, Ideas and Values$
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Carool Kersten

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190247775

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247775.001.0001

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Secularity and Toleration, Liberty and Freethinking

(p.279) Conclusion
Islam in Indonesia

Carool Kersten

Oxford University Press

The conclusion attributes the polarization of debates between progressive and reactionary Muslims to two factors. First of all, frustrations on both sides with politics in Indonesia due to the resilience of the elites, hesitant governance and ambiguous law enforcement under the Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono administration. Secondly, problematic terminology: dichotomies or binaries such as traditionalist versus modernist Islam are not static, but lead to new designations such as neo-modernist and post-traditionalist. When discussing progressive contributions to debates on secularism, pluralism and liberalism these distinctions collapse, while the emerging discourses suggest secularity, liberty, toleration and freethinking as more appropriate alternative terms.

Keywords:   Freethinking, Liberalism, Liberty, Modernist, Polarization, Pluralism, Secularism, Secularity, Toleration, Traditionalist

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