Secularity and Toleration, Liberty and Freethinking
The conclusion attributes the polarization of debates between progressive and reactionary Muslims to two factors. First of all, frustrations on both sides with politics in Indonesia due to the resilience of the elites, hesitant governance and ambiguous law enforcement under the Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono administration. Secondly, problematic terminology: dichotomies or binaries such as traditionalist versus modernist Islam are not static, but lead to new designations such as neo-modernist and post-traditionalist. When discussing progressive contributions to debates on secularism, pluralism and liberalism these distinctions collapse, while the emerging discourses suggest secularity, liberty, toleration and freethinking as more appropriate alternative terms.
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