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Frozen EmpiresAn Environmental History of the Antarctic Peninsula$
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Adrian Howkins

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190249144

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190249144.001.0001

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Perón’s Antarctic Dream

Perón’s Antarctic Dream

(p.110) 4 Perón’s Antarctic Dream
Frozen Empires

Adrian Howkins

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on Argentina’s increasingly active policy in the Antarctic Peninsula region under the presidency of Juan Domingo Perón (1946–1955). Although Perón was initially quite slow to embrace his “Antarctic Dream,” by the late 1940s the campaign against British claims to the Falkland Islands Dependencies had become an important component of his anti-imperial rhetoric. Alongside strategies that could be labeled as environmental nationalism, Perón also made assertions of environmental authority by seeking to perform more useful science than his country’s rivals. Perón’s aggressive pursuit of Argentine sovereignty increased diplomatic tensions in the Antarctic Peninsula region. But at the same time, his assertions of environmental authority represented a growing acceptance of the connections between science and politics, which would help to lay the foundations for the subsequent signature of the 1959 Antarctic Treaty.

Keywords:   Juan Domingo Perón, Antarctic Dream, Argentina, environmental nationalism, environmental authority, Antarctic Treaty

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