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States in DisguiseCauses of State Support for Rebel Groups$
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Belgin San-Akca

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190250881

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190250881.001.0001

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A Selection Theory of State Support for Rebel Groups

A Selection Theory of State Support for Rebel Groups

(p.22) 2 A Selection Theory of State Support for Rebel Groups
States in Disguise

Belgin San-Akca

Oxford University Press

This chapter identifies the theoretical foundation of the book by means of the major international relations paradigms, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism. Given that supporting rebels who target other states is an act of animosity frequently committed by states, a rigorous theory is offered building on interstate interactions as primary explanation for state support of rebels. Two main sets of motives are identified when describing the causes of interstate conflict and cooperation, which are also relevant for the state-rebel selection theory: material and ideational. Material motives include factors such as external and internal threats and the ability of a state to mobilize domestic resources to deal with them. Ideational motives consist of common ideas and identity. The theory captures the entire domain of ideational contiguity between states. Hypotheses are proposed to explain the underpinnings of two models of state-rebel groups interactions: States’ Selection Model (SSM) and Rebels’ Selection Model (RSM).

Keywords:   State support of rebels, International Relations paradigms, The state-rebel selection theory, States’ Selection Model, Rebels’ Selection Model, Material and ideational motives, Ideational contiguity

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